What is Shoulder Pain

Shoulder pain refers to discomfort or pain experienced in the shoulder joint or the structures surrounding it. It can arise from various underlying causes and may range from mild to severe. Shoulder pain can affect daily activities and limit mobility and should be properly diagnosed and treated to alleviate symptoms and prevent further complications.

Types of Shoulder Pain

  • Rotator cuff injuries: These involve damage or inflammation to the muscles and tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Rotator cuff tears, strains, or tendinitis can lead to shoulder pain and limited range of motion.

  • Frozen shoulder: Also known as adhesive capsulitis, it is characterized by stiffness, pain, and reduced mobility in the shoulder joint. It often occurs as a result of inflammation and thickening of the shoulder capsule.

  • Shoulder impingement: This occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff become compressed or irritated between the bones of the shoulder joint. It can cause pain, weakness, and difficulty with overhead movements.

  • Shoulder instability: Instability can result from dislocation or subluxation of the shoulder joint. It may cause pain, a sensation of the shoulder "slipping out," and limited function.

Common Conditions under Shoulder Pain

  • Bursitis: Inflammation of the small fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the shoulder joint. Bursitis can cause pain, swelling, and limited movement.

  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis can cause pain, stiffness, and decreased mobility in the shoulder joint.

  • Tendonitis: Shoulder tendon inflammation brought on by overuse or repeated actions. Tendonitis can make some motions painful, swollen, and challenging.

Causes of Shoulder Pain

  • Fractures, dislocations, or sprains are examples of trauma or injury.
  • Overuse or repetitive strain on the shoulder joint.
  • Aging and degenerative changes in the shoulder structures.
  • Poor posture or ergonomics.
  • Inflammation or irritation of the tendons or bursae.
  • Arthritis or joint diseases.
  • Nerve impingement or pinched nerves.

Symptoms of Shoulder Pain

  • Pain or discomfort in the shoulder joint or surrounding areas.
  • Limited range of motion or difficulty with certain movements.
  • Stiffness or swelling in the shoulder.
  • Weakness or instability.
  • Clicking or popping sensations in the shoulder.
  • Pain that worsens with activities or at night.

Diagnosis of Shoulder Pain

  • Medical history: Discussion of symptoms, previous injuries, and medical conditions.

  • Physical examination: Assessment of the shoulder joint, range of motion, and specific tests to identify areas of tenderness or instability.

  • Imaging tests: X-rays, MRI scans, or ultrasound to visualize the structures of the shoulder and detect any abnormalities, such as fractures, tears, or inflammation.

  • Diagnostic injections: Injecting a local anesthetic into specific areas to determine if the pain originates from a particular structure.

How do you know if Shoulder Pain is serious

If your shoulder discomfort is severe, ongoing, or becomes worse over time, it's crucial to contact a doctor. Additionally, the following signs may indicate a more serious condition

  • Inability to move the shoulder or significant loss of function.
  • Intense pain or sudden onset of severe pain.
  • Swelling, redness, or warmth around the shoulder joint.
  • Infection-related symptoms, such as fever or cold.
  • Shoulder pain following a traumatic injury or accident.
  • Arm or hand numbness, tingling, or weakness.

Interventional Pain Management of Shoulder Pain

  • Joint injections: Drugs (such as corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid) are injected right into the shoulder joint to reduce swelling and relieve discomfort.

  • Nerve blocks: Injecting anesthetic or anti-inflammatory medications near specific nerves to block pain signals from reaching the brain.

  • Radiofrequency ablation: Using heat generated by radio waves to temporarily disrupt nerve signals and provide long-lasting pain relief in the shoulder area.

  • Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy: Injecting a concentrated solution of the patient's own platelets into the shouder joint to promote tissue healing and reduce pain.


At Kerur Pain Care, we understand the debilitating effects that shoulder pain can have on your daily life. Our devoted team of medical experts offers individualized treatment plans to meet your unique needs. In addition, they are experts in diagnosing and treating shoulder discomfort. Whether you need surgery, physical therapy, interventional pain treatments, or conservative maintenance, we provide comprehensive care to reduce shoulder discomfort, boost function, and improve your overall health. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards finding relief from shoulder pain.