What is Knee Pain

"Knee pain" refers to any pain or discomfort experienced in the knee joint, which connects the thigh, shin, and kneecap. The largest joint in the body is that one. Numerous factors, including arthritis, overuse, ageing-related wear and tear, injuries, and other medical disorders, can contribute to knee discomfort. Pain, ranging from mild to severe, may make it difficult to perform daily duties or engage in physical activity.

What are the types of Knee Pain

  • Acute injuries: These include ligament and meniscus tears, meniscus tears, fractures, dislocations, sprains, and dislocations.

  • Chronic conditions: Chronic knee pain can be brought on by illnesses such as bursitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, tendinitis, and patellar tracking issues.

  • Overuse injuries: Such as the runner's knee or iliotibial band syndrome, can result from repetitive motions or putting too much tension on the knee joint.

What are the common conditions under Knee Pain

Common conditions associated with knee pain include

  • Osteoarthritis: The slow breakdown of joint cartilage, which often develops with ageing.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis: An auto-immune disorder that inflames the joints is rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome: Pain around the kneecap often caused by overuse or abnormal tracking of the kneecap.

  • Meniscus tears: Damage to the rubbery, C-shaped discs (menisci) that cushion the knee joint.

Causes of Knee Pain

  • Injury: Sports-related injuries, car accidents, slips, or damage to the knee joint are among the injuries.

  • Overuse: Excessive or repetitive stress on the knee joint due to activities like running, jumping, or kneeling.

  • Age-related wear and tear: Gradual breakdown of joint cartilage and ligaments with age.

  • Medical conditions: Medications to manage pain include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, painkillers, and corticosteroid injections.

Symptoms of Knee Pain

Common symptoms of knee pain include

  • From mild to severe pain or discomfort.
  • Swelling or inflammation around the knee joint.
  • Stiffness or limited range of motion.
  • Instability or feeling that the knee is giving way.

Diagnosis of Knee Pain

Diagnosing knee pain involves a thorough examination by a healthcare professional, which may include

  • Medical history review: Discussing symptoms, previous injuries, and family history.

  • Physical examination: Assessing the knee's range of motion, stability, and signs of inflammation.

  • Imaging tests: X-rays, MRI, or CT scans to evaluate the structure and condition of the knee joint.

How do you know if Knee Pain is serious

If knee pain is accompanied by severe swelling, inability to bear weight on the affected leg, significant loss of knee function, or signs of infection (redness, warmth, fever), it may indicate a serious condition. Seeking medical attention is essential in such cases.

Treatment of Knee Pain

Treatment options for knee pain may include

  • Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE): Basic first-aid measures to reduce pain and swelling.

  • Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, painkillers, or corticosteroid injections are all examples of medications used to treat pain.

  • Physical therapy: Strengthening exercises, stretching, and low-impact activities to improve knee stability and flexibility.

  • Assistive devices: The use of braces, crutches, or orthotic inserts to support the knee joint and promote healing.

  • Surgical management:Surgical management of knee pain may be necessary if non-surgical approaches and interventional pain management techniques are not effective in relieving symptoms.

Interventional Pain Management of Knee Pain

  • Corticosteroid Injections: When given directly into the knee joint, corticosteroid injections can aid in reducing discomfort and swelling.

  • Hyaluronic Acid Injections: Hyaluronic acid injections, sometimes called visco supplementation, entail injecting a gel-like material into the knee joint to provide cushioning and lubrication, easing discomfort and enhancing joint function.

  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy: This procedure involves extracting a patient's blood, processing it to concentrate platelets, and then injecting the platelet-rich solution into the knee joint. PRP therapy aims to promote tissue healing and reduce pain.

  • Prolotherapy: Prolotherapy includes injecting a solution—typically a dextrose solution—into the injured region. This promotes tissue repair and boosts the body's natural healing response.

  • Oxygen Ozone Injection Therapy: Oxygen ozone injection therapy into the knee offers a long-lasting treatment to relieve knee pain without surgery. Ozone is a super-charged oxygen molecule, o3, that has been used for more than 100 years to treat a variety of medical conditions – including joint pain.

  • Radiofrequency Ablation: This procedure uses radiofrequency energy to target and disrupt the nerve signals responsible for transmitting pain. It can provide long-term pain relief for certain knee conditions.

  • Cryoablation: Cryoablation uses extreme cold to temporarily freeze and numb the sensory nerves around the knee joint, providing pain relief.

  • Peripheral Nerve Blocks: These blocks involve injecting an anesthetic medication around.

  • specific nerves that supply the knee joint, temporarily blocking pain signals.
  • Regenerative Medicine Therapies: Techniques such as stem cell therapy and prolotherapy with growth factors aim to stimulate tissue regeneration and promote healing in damaged structures of the knee joint.


A person's mobility and general quality of life might be significantly impacted by knee discomfort. Understanding the causes, types, and common conditions associated with knee pain is crucial in seeking appropriate diagnosis and treatment. By following proper precautions, managing symptoms, and seeking timely medical care, individuals can find relief from knee pain and regain their active lifestyle.